GEOGRAPHY OF TIBET
Area : 1.2 million sq.km
Capital : Lhasa
Temperatures : 23C/73F in summer -15C/5F in winter
Population : 2.2 million
Where the Himalayan Sprit Lives & Breathes
with an average elevation of over 4,000 m, Tibet is considered to be the highest region in the world and is often called the "Roof of the World." This comes as no surprise, especially since southern Tibet is located in the Himalayas, which contains many of the world's highest summits. In addition to its incredible heights, Tibet is also one of the most isolated areas on earth, with most of the people living in elevations ranging from 1200 m to 5100 m. One of the most famous peaks found in Tibet is Mount Everest (8848 m), the highest mountain in the world.
Tibet with it's mountains is the source and dividing line of the Asian continent's major rivers, with the Brahmaputra being the most important. Many of the rivers in Tibet can be used for hydroelectricity, but this potential hasn't been developed as of yet.
THE FESTIVALS OF TIBET
New Year (February or March)
It is the greatest festival in Tibet. In ancient times when the peach tree was in blossom, it was considered as the starting of a new year. Since the systematization of the Tibetan calendar in 1027 A.D., the first day of the first month became fixed as the new year. On the New Year's day, families unite " auspicious dipper" is offered and the auspicious words " tashi delek" are greeted.
Saga Dawa Festival (May or June)
It is the holiest in Tibet, there memorable occasions coincide on this day, Buddha's birth and Buddha's enlightenment. Almost every person within Lhasa join in circum ambulating round the city and spend there late afternoon on picnic at " Dzongyab Lukhang" park at the foot of Potala.
Gyantse Horse Race (May or June)
Horse race and archer are generally popular in Tibet, and Gyantse enjoys prestige of being the earliest in history by starting in 1408. Contests in early times included horse race, archery, and Shooting on gallop followed by a few days' entertainment or picnicking. Presently,ball games, track and field events, folk songs and dances, barter trade are in addition to the above.
Changtang Chachen Horse Race Festival (10 August)
As the most important festival in North Tibet during the golden season on the grassland, thousand of herdsmen throng to Nakchu riding fine horses, and carrying the local products. They form as city Of tens south of Nakchu town. There will be thrilling horse race, archery and demonstrations of horsemanship. Songs and dance troupes from all part of Tibet will add to the fun.
Harvest Festival (September)
The farmers in Lhasa, Gyantse and Shangnan to celebrating their bumper harvest in this time. During that time, people enjoy with horse racing games, costume fashion show, songs and dance Archery and picnic etc.
Kungbu Traditional Festival (November of December)
Long long ago,when Tibet was in danger of large scale invasion, the Kongpo people sent out an army to defend their homeland.It was in September and the soldiers worried that they might miss the New Year,highland barley wine and other good things. So people had the
Tibetan New Year on
1st October ahead of time. To memorize those brave soldiers Kongpo people present three sacrifices and stay up at night from then on. And now it has become the Kongpo Festival for entertainment like Kongpo dancing, horse race, archery and shooting.
RIVERS AND LAKES IN TIBET
Tibet is full of rivers and lakes, which provides abundance of hydroelectric power and aquatic products. Bushy banks of the rivers and lakes are the homes of swans and geese.If you do not watch your step,you might stride on their eggs.On the banks of the salt water lakes,there are great heaps of alkali which also contains niters and borax.
The Yaluzangbu River : As long as 2,057 km, the Yaluzangbu River turns and twists like a silver dragon from the west to the east into the valleys of South Tibet.It runs through Muotuo county.After a 90-degree turn,it empties into the Indian Ocean.People could have a good time with their yak hide boats on canoes in the upper level of the River with going down to the lower level is quite exciting and challenging.
The Manasarovar Lake : A Holy Lake The lake is situated 30km southeast of Mt.Holy.It has an area of 400 square km.The Buddhists believe that the lake is the bestow from the heaven.The holy water can cure all kinds of diseases,wash people clean and get rid of people's worries.After walking around the lake and taking baths at the four bathing Gates,the pilgrims can be free from sins and can be bestow happiness.The great monk Juan Zhuang praised it " the Holy Lake in the West Heaven".
Not far from the lake stands Mt.Holy.It does not only attracts pilgrims but also many tourists from home and abroad.
Fish Store-the Yangzongyong Lake: The Yangzongyong Lake is within Langkamu county, with an area of 638 square km and a coastal line of 250 km.The deepest point is 60 meters. There is plenty of natural fodder for the fish in the lake. The lake have a fish reserve of about 300 million kg. That is why it is called "the Fish Store of Tibet". A lot of colorful ducks and geese are swimming on the surface of the lake. The coast of the lake is an ideal pasture. All these make an intoxicating quite picture.
The Namu Lake : With an area of 1940 square km,the Namu Lake is the 2nd largest salt water lake. In the lake there are 3 islands, which is an ideal habitat for all kinds of aquatic life.One of the islands is made of calcareous sandstone. It is characterized by the stone pillars,natural stone bridges and the stalactite caves. The beaches of the lake are a beautiful natural pasture. Wildlife is having a good time there.
RELIGION OF TIBET
No other religion apart from Buddhism has been able to take root in Tibet. Only a small population of about 2,000 throughout Tibet have faith in Islam, while there is no trace of Christianity at all. The Bon, the aborigine religion of Tibet, a sect of Shamanism which chiefly worshipped idols and the Nature and practiced driving off of evil spirits, had at one time prevailed in Tibet but lost round with the penetration of Buddhism.
Thus, Buddhism can as well be said to the sole religion of Tibet, and the faith has taken so deep in root that it means almost everything to the Tibetans as already mentioned. Well-to-do families even built in their compound their private chapels of prayer-rooms. to begin with, the first Buddhist scripture printed in Sanskrit was said to have been descended from Heaven in the 5th century during the reign of 28th Tsanpo Tho-Tho-Ri Nyantsan. It was translated into Tibet, and later in the 8th century after the visit the Indian Master Padmasambhava, the spread of Buddhism got accelerated and religious sect started taking shape. In the 11th century the visit of the Bengali Master, Atisha, to Tibet greatly encouraged the study of Buddhism into Tibet and sowed the seed for Gelugpa, the greatest sect that was to come. Finally, in the 15th century, Tsongkapa, the great reformer of Tibetan Buddhism, came to Tibet from Qinghai and founded the Gelugopa sect, the Order of Excellence, and here after Buddhism went all-out spreading like a wild fire into Tibet and the absolute ruler both of the claret and the state is another decisive victory for Buddhism to rise to its paramount as the religion of the entire Tibetan nationality.
TIBET TRAVEL & TOUR INFORMATION
Most importantly, all travelers traveling in Tibet are kindly requested to bear in mind that Tibet, being extremely remote and isolated by the most formidable Himalayan ranges, remaining still one of the most captivating but least developed parts in the world. With its very short history of tourism. The facilities for tourist, although being upgraded are still at basic and limited scale. So, the visitors are requested not to high expect luxurious facilities in Tibet. However, we will always put all our efforts in making your journey as pleasant as possible. In the case of road condition between Tibet and Nepal is not up to the standard. it is rough, bumpy and full of bends. Particularly, during monsoon season (July- August), it can be temporarily obstructed by landslides and erosion. So, a bit sporty wears and shoes are much advised facilitating the travelers to walk over the landslides some time.
Altitude Problem and Health Tips :
Traveling in Tibet is an adventure high altitude as Tibet lies at an average altitude of 4000m. you are likely to experience some of the minor symptoms and discomfort of altitude sickness (headache, mild nausea, loss of appetite) until your body adjusted to the elevation. Most of the visitors have only minor effect from the altitude but some of them will have serious problem, we advice specially the Gust with known heart or lungs or blood diseases to consult their doctor before traveling. Our advice to get ride of altitude is drink plenty of non-alcoholic drinks every day minimum 4 liter. A day, do not smoke, do not drink alcohol, do not exhaust your self so much and take rest more then usual.
Bank in Tibet / China are closed on Saturday and Sunday. So, you are kindly requested to carry about some USD per person in case to cover your extra expenses for main mails and other in route until Lhasa. If it is case dollars, even local people help you to get them exchange in Chinese Yuan. Traveler's cheques and credit cards are very difficult to be cashed outside the banks especially out side Lhasa.
The Guide :
We always try to provide a good English-speaking guide. However, as per new regulation, the guide association on a queue basis provides guides. Guides in Tibet do not get enough exposure to English language. Please do not expect fluent and spontaneous explanation from him / her. Your frequent questioning will encourage him / her to explain well.
The Clothes :
As the temperature in Tibet is low most of the time. It is always advised to carry warm clothes along with the sleeping bag with you. as the weather is harsh and dry, Cap, stick, sun cream, sun hat, sun glasses, with sporty shoes, camera and films, batteries, medicine kits, toiletries, a small first aid kits are recommended.
The Hotels in Route :
As the facilities in Tibet are very basic. Even hotel in Lhasa do not have proper facilities. So, in remote areas, it is obvious that hotels many not have enough double rooms and clients sometimes many have to have trips, four or five bedded rooms in some places. However we always try to provide twin bedded rooms. Especially, first two night have to be spent in such basic hotels that many not have bathroom attached and could require you to use common toilets. So, you are kindly requested not to have a high expectation from the tour in terms of facilities in the hotels.
Our Terms and Condition Booking and Visa :
Minimum three weeks in advance for booking outside of Kathmandu, and one weeks need for booking from Kathmandu with full payment and full passport details should reach us. For visa procedure, five full working days are required with a condition that clients should be available in Kathmandu, otherwise urgent visa fee will be charged from the clients, visa fee and ticket fare can be changed without prior notice.
If Tour Cancellation :
There will be 50% cancellation charge if clients did cancel with in 15 days in advance, booking outside of Kathmandu and no refund will be make then after. If you cancel 5 days in advance USD 100 will be charged booking in side of Kathmandu and no refund will e made then after.
Risk and Liability :
We shall always put all efforts in making your journey smooth and pleasant. However, as all Tibet tours are run strictly under tourism authority. Our agents or we shall not be responsible for any change or cancellation of programs / cost. Our agents or we shall not be responsible for any change or cancellation of programs due to any unavoidable circumstances such as road blocked, flood, snow, unrest, and cancellation of flight, delay arrivals, sickness or accident. Any extra cost incurring therefore shall bear by the clients. So it is most advisable that clients to have full insurance medical and personal accidents risks.
Our Service in Tibet
Fixed Departure 2016 - 2017
Are you alone??? Welcome to join our fixed departure team we have fixed departure schedules trekking in Nepal for Annapurna, Everest, Langtang, Manaslu and Mustang. Please Check with us